Hunting and fishing tourism is temporary trips (trips) to the territory of hunting and fishing grounds for the purpose of hunting or fishing, organized by specialized enterprises providing a complex of specific paid services.
Amateurs travel for the purpose of hunting or fishing on their own, without resorting to the services of travel agents and tour operators.
This type of tourism has a high cost, and in many cases it can be attributed to the category of elite recreation.
Specific features of hunting and fishing tours:
- the need to obtain various licenses (for hunting, fishing, import of weapons, export of trophies). This type of tourism is associated with a certain risk, therefore, highly qualified specialists are needed to ensure the safety of tours.
- the competitive nature of the relationship of tourists, which makes it possible to attribute this type of travel to sports tourism
- high social responsibility for the use, protection and reproduction of natural resources.
- seasonality. Cycles often do not coincide with traditional types of tourism. Seasonality has an important impact on the degree of loading of the material and technical base and the use of personnel.
Hunting dates are strictly regulated by the state, and specific dates for the opening and closing of hunting seasons are set annually by regional authorities.
The organization of hunting tourism is regulated by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the laws of the Russian Federation “On Wildlife”, “On Environmental Protection”, “On Land” and others.
The main seasons of hunting tours are spring, summer-autumn and winter.
In fishing tourism, there are: river, lake and sea fishing tourism. In fresh waters, popular and prestigious fishing objects are fish that live in clean and fast rivers — trout, grayling, lenok, — perch, crucian carp, carp, catfish, silver carp, tench, crayfish.